Birth place : Kolhapur, Maharashtra, Date:
Studies: "University Children's School" and "Banaras
Higher Studies: (Mathematics & Astronomy) in
In 1960, he is recruited as a "Research Student " on
the recommendation of Professor Fred Hoyle
Studies in Cambridge, U.K., from 1957 to 1972. He
receives the " B.A. in 1960, the M.A. in 1964 and the "Ph.D.
degrees" in 1963
In 1963, he is named "Fellow of King's College".
In 1966 he becomes "Staff Member of the
Theoretical Astronomy" in
Jayant V. Narlikar returns to India in 1972 as
professor at the "Tata
Institute of Fundamental Research" where he manages the
Theoretical Group for Astrophysics.
In 1976, the "Sc.D. (Cantab) Degree" is
granted him for "Distinguished Research".
The first works done by J.V. Narlikars with F. Hoyle
concerned the theory of the steady state universe. This work gave at first
a reliable theory describing the continuous creation of matter within the
framework of the "General Relativity Theory" of Einstein. Hoyle and
Narlikar also gave a complete description of the quantic electrodynamic,
as good as the classical one, while using the concept of action from afar.
Their work on electrodynamics led them to a new theory of gravitation that
now is known as the "conformal theory of gravity".
In India, Narlikar continued his work in cosmology and
in astrophysics. He studied the supplementary implications of his
gravitation theory; his later work with P.K. Das of the
Institute of Astrophysics provides an explanation for
abnormal redshifts of quasars.
With his colleague K.M.V. Apparao of the
TIFR and N.
Dadhich of the Poma University, Narlikar developed the white hole
concept as exploding sources of energy thus explaining some of the violent
phenomena in the universe. In 1978 Narlikars and S.MS. Chitre of the
the hypothesis of the gravitational curvature of radio waves due to the
presence of galaxies, to explain the apparent high velocities (greater
than light) observed in certain quasars during the last decade. The work
of Narlikar also concerns research on the behavior of tachyons in strong
gravitational fields. Between 1977 and 1985 he took part in the survey of
the quantic variations of space-time singularities at the beginning of the
universe. He is also an active participant in the ongoing controversy
about the distance of quasars.
With Fred Hoyle and Geoffrey Burbidge, he took part
more recently in a rebirth of the old concept of the stationary universe
under a new format, the "Quasi-Steady State Cosmology", in which
the universe is subjected to short-term oscillations superimposed on a
long-term steady expansion. In this model the universe has neither a
beginning nor an end; matter is created periodically. Together with Fred
Hoyle, he resumes their previous work on the quantic electrodynamics to
show that the limiting cosmological conditions lead to a cut-off at high
frequencies, thus resolving the diverging integrals.
Praises, titles and rewards that J.V. Narlikar received,
in India and in other countries are innumerable. J.V. Narlikar is member
of the Indian National Sciences Academy (INSA), Associated
member of the
Philosophical Society (Cambridge). He is also member of the Indian
Society of Physics, of the Indian Astronomical Society and of
the Indian General Relativity and Gravitation Society. The Golden
Medal of the Golden Jubilee has been granted him by the Science Institute
of Bombay in 1973. He received in 1978 the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar,
a reward reserved for the Physical Sciences. In 1983 he was named Partner
of the Royal
Astronomical Society in London. The FIE Foundation
conferred him its highest reward, the Golden Medal of the Asian Society,
May 4th, 2004,
the Société Astronomique de France awarded the 2004 Janssen
Price to J.V. Narlikar. The prize-giving took place in Collège de
Beside of his scientific research, Narlikar has written
non-technical books and articles in order to popularize science as well in
Indian language as well as in English. His book on astronomy has been
published by the "Maharashtra State Board Literature of and Culture".
He has also written several science-fiction stories and three novels. He
participated in radio and television programs about sciences of the
universe in Hindi and in English in 1995 which were censored by
Doordarshan (national public television). Since 1997 he appears regularly
on the television program "Surabhi" in which he answers
scientific questions from the public For these services of science
popularization he received several national rewards including the "INSA's
Indira Gandhi Award" of INSA, the "UNESCO's Kalinga Award"
and the "Godavari Gaurav Puraskar" of the "Kusumagraj
J.V. Narlikar participated from 1986 to 1990 in several
national committees, particularly the "Science Advisory Council" to the
Prime Minister, from 1985 to 1989 the "Indo-US Sub-Commission on Education
and Culture". In 1994 he became President of the "Commission
Cosmologie" of the "International
In 1966 Jayant Narlikars married Mangala Rajwade. They
have three girls, Geeta, Girija and Leelavati.
In 1988 Narlikars was nominated the Founder-Director of
Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA)
situated at Pune, by the "University Grants Commision" He arrived
at Pune in June 1989 to take charge full-time of this activity. He
continues his teaching, his research and his original publications while
taking on the challenge of making
international level institution.